Perth The capital of Western Australia and the fourth most populous city in Australia, Perth has a population of under 2 million and was founded in 1829 as an administrative center of the Swan River Colony. Western Australia’s Parliament, Governor’s House, and Supreme Court are located in Perth. With plenty of nineteenth century history and modern tourism to experience, taking time to explore Perth is an excellent thing to do while in Australia. The Perth Cultural Centre is central to Perth’s culture as it houses the Art Gallery of Western Australia, the Western Australian Museum, the Alexander Library, the State Records Office, and the Perth Institute of Contemporary Arts. It’s a convenient one stop place to take in the culture of Perth and Western Australia. The Perth International Arts Festival has been held annually since 1953. Perth is also the home of King’s Park, which is the largest inner-city park in the world at4.06 square kilometers. Perth Zoo features both a variety of exotic animals from around the world and a successful breeding program for orangutans and giraffes. The breeding program also helps with captive breeding and reintroduction of various Western Australian species like the numbat, the dibbler, and the western swamp tortoise. Several interesting pieces of architecture to see in Perth include the Crown Perth resort and casino, the Perth Concert Hall, the Swans Bells, and Perth Arena.